HIV and AIDS: Causes, Symptoms, Risks, Treatments

What are HIV and AIDS?

AIDS (Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) is a disease caused by the human immunodeficiency virus or HIV. Immediately after the HIV infection, it is a 'flu' type of illness. The flu remains for only a few days and is very light because of which people do not recognize it. This virus gradually reduces the ability to fight a person's infection. When the body's immune system is so low that it cannot resist the infection, it is said that the person has become an AIDS patient. But, It takes 8 to 9 years for HIV infection to reach AIDS.
If a person has AIDS and the patient is not given anti-retroviral treatment then he may usually die in 12 to 18 months. On anti-retroviral treatment, a person can lead a normal life for a long time. Keep in mind that this infection never ends and the patient has to consume his medicines for ages.
The person feels normal in the initial phase of HIV infection. The diagnosis of AIDS can be determined only through the test.
AIDS is a serious disease, caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. HIV eliminates the immunity of an individual, in this case, the patient is not able to cope with this disease.

What are the causes of HIV?

Human Immunodeficiency Virus, AIDS spreads through making unprotected sexual contact with an HIV infected person. Apart from this, the person gets AIDS from the infected organ transplant, given to the infected person of the infected patient. If a woman is infected with HIV then she can also infect her child during pregnancy or childbirth or breastfeeding.
These viruses are also found in saliva, brain, spinal cord, urine, although the possibility of virus transmission is less in contact with these fluids. 
HIV is not spread by sensational contact such as handshaking, touching baggage by the infected person, using public toilets or phones or using the swimming pool. Not only that, HIV does not spread by cutting mosquitoes or other insects.

What are the symptoms of HIV? 

A most common symptom of HIV infected people is “Flu”. But this disease cannot be detected based only on its symptoms. The following types of symptoms are seen when HIV / AIDS occurs:

1. Fever, sweating, chills
2. Fatigue
3. Loss of appetite, weight loss
4. Nausea, vomiting
5. Sore throat
6. Diarrhea
7. Coughing
8. Problems in  breathing
9. Barking on the body
10. Skin problem
Keep in mind that these symptoms always depend on the condition of the patient. There is a blood test injection to detect HIV / AIDS.

What are Risk Factors for HIV? 

1.  Creating one or more relationships without Condom
2.  Make contact with the infected person
3.  Infected blood climbing
4.  Infected mother to newborn
5. Use on one or more individual injections

How is HIV tested? 

Human immunodeficiency virus or HIV address is usually detected by HIV antibody present in the body. Keep in mind, from the time when the virus enters the body to its active cycle, it is called the window period.
The most common test of HIV is ELISA. On the one hand, getting AIIA (or rapid / spot test) cannot be completely prevented from attaining HIV infection. It may also be necessary to conduct a second test again. According to the WHO, there is always the need to repeat the ELISA, Rapid or Spot for HIV diagnosis. The Weston belt test that is to be done prior to this transition is no longer recommended. The same positive test does not properly confirm the infection, it should always be tested again.
Just as a positive test does not confirm that there is the infection, a negative test similarly does not fully confirm that there is no infection. If a person has recently been exposed to infection only, then the infection in the first test may not be caught. Because the infection can be in the case of your window face i.e. It can take about three to six months to grow in the form of a virus. At the same time, a positive report can be interpreted to mean that the person has come in contact with the infection of the virus, but this does not mean that he has got AIDS.
Anyone who receives HIV infection test positive should go for medical treatment. After the report, the doctor's advice should make the necessary lifestyle changes. A negative report means that the person is not infected or the infection has not reached the antibody level yet. If reports repeated after six months of a negative report are negative, then there is a possibility of not having AIDS infections.

Preventions from HIV -

The best way to get rid of is to get as much information about HIV infection. Avoid raising any type of risk and follow the guidelines. By following the tips below, you can be protected from the risk of HIV infection:

1. Use correct and consistent latex condoms. Keep in mind that condoms provide protection but using condoms does not completely eliminate the risk.
2. Avoid drug abuse.
3. Never use injection using the used dipping.
4. Avoid blood donor donations by taking money.
5. Contact a qualified doctor as soon as possible and get the necessary tests for your partner.
6. Avoid Casual Sex.
At this time, there is no treatment or vaccination for HIV infection at this time, although there is considerable research on its immunization. If you have any type of risk or doubt, contact the doctor as soon as possible.
Homecare Treatment for HIV -

Keep these things in mind while using a latex condom - 

1. Use latex condoms during intercourse.
2. Wear condom only when the penis is raised. This will save you from sexually transmitted diseases like sex, vaginal discharge, urine, and feces.
3. Place the condom on the front of the penis and wear it while rotating.
4. Do not wear condoms for semen to the last part.
5. Do not let the air in the Condom wear it. Air is the chaos of the condom break, so that you or your partner may have an infection.
6. Use a water-based lubricant if needed. Use oil-based lubricants made of petroleum jelly, mineral oil, vegetable oil, and cold cream, they can damage condoms.
7. After ejaculation, take out the penis before being soft. Carefully remove condoms.
8. Destroy the used condoms properly. To prevent the spread of semen, apply lip on the upper part.
9. Keep the condoms in a cool and dry place.
10. Do not use sticky, colorful or torn condoms.
11. Use a condom only once.

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