Coronary Artery Disease | Coronary Heart disease | Causes

Coronary Artery Disease | Coronary Heart disease | Causes

Coronary artery disease (CAD) :

In this disease, the arteries carrying oxygen and nutrients having blood to the heart are damaged. Many times it forms Plaque. Which is made of fat, cholesterol, calcium, and other substances found in the blood.

Coronary arteries contract due to plaque. That is why the heart receives little blood in the heart. Finally, there may be chest pain (angina) due to low blood flow or signs and symptoms of other coronary artery diseases can arise. Due to plaque, a complete blockage in the coronary arteries can cause heart-attack.

Coronary heart disease often takes decades to develop. You may not notice this problem until the heart attack. But, you can do a lot to prevent coronary artery disease and treat it. By being committed to a healthy lifestyle you can take your first step towards this. In the whole world, CHD is a major cause of cardiovascular disease and death. There are many risk factors of this disease that are related to each other.

Coronary heart disease may be some of the main causes:

Smoking:  Smoking increases the risk of CAD. People who smoke are more prone to heart disease than those who do not smoke. Regular exercises, strong will to reduce or stop the habit of smokers. Or you can also get medical advice and help to get rid of smoking addiction. The possibility of heart-related diseases is greatly reduced only by giving up smoking.

High blood pressure:  High blood pressure also increases the chances of coronary heart disease. Regular exercise can control blood pressure. During any work or hard work, the heart muscles begin to throttle rapidly according to the body's oxygen demand. Blood vessels, which supply oxygenated blood to the heart, also become flexible and able to spread better, making the blood vessel function well and reducing the possibility of high blood pressure. If regular exercise is done, systolic and diastolic blood pressure of people with low and high blood pressure can be normal.

Dietipidemia obesity: This blood shows abnormalities in lipid and lipoprotein concentrations. If low-density lipoprotein (LDL) means bad cholesterol, higher than 130 SG / DL or higher density (HDL) lipoprotein, which is good cholesterol, is less than 40 mg/dl or total cholesterol exceeding 200 mg/dl, then CAD The risk increases. Exercise increases HDL and reduces LDL with a low-fat nutritious diet.

Being overweight or obese has direct correlation with all other risk factors of CHD. Those who have high fat on their stomach, they are more at risk. Exercise helps in reducing excess calories. Regular exercise reduces body fat and also increases the body's immune system. Reduced fat on the stomach helps to reduce the risk factors of , type 2 DM and high blood pressure, including CHD. Along with a nutritious diet and regular exercise, you will succeed in reducing excess body fat and maintaining a healthy weight.

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